Try these techniques to ignite your innovative thinking - Issue #66
|Nov 13|| 2|
Individuals and companies have so many burning questions around innovation, creativity, and brainstorming:
How can I become more creative?
How can our organization become more innovative?
Why do our brainstorming efforts eventually fail?
What are the secrets?
I’ve encountered a thousand different forms of this question in my lifetime. I remember one of the earliest when I was in high school.
The principal and a few teachers formed a research committee that included a couple of teachers and a small handful of students. We wanted to create a program to spark, encourage, and guide the creativity of the students in the school.
We were seeking the holy grail of trying to find a program and process that was already successful, hoping that we could emulate it. We discovered that no one was entirely successful, although there were some interesting aspects of the different programs.
I think we missed the more significant opportunity and weren’t tasked with solving the root problem: Traditional educational programs are not structured to encourage creativity.
Unfortunately, the working world isn’t much better.
Structure, workplace issues, and reward systems abound that are destructive to the creative process. We want more creativity and innovation, but are we willing to make the changes necessary to foster them?
A creativity crisis
Richard Florida fears that we are facing a “creativity crisis.” If we are entering the era of the “Creative Class,” with an increasingly large percentage of the global working population employed in creative occupations, it will become more crucial to tap into our creative skills daily.
Since 1990, even as IQ scores have risen in American students, creative thinking scores have dropped. Historically, universities in the U.S. have attracted students from around the world, which injects a diversity of experiences, thinking, and creative styles into our schools and businesses.
But, our policy changes have created barriers to entry, admissions have dropped, and now visitors are reluctant to come here.
“Over time, terrorism is less a threat to the U.S. than the possibility that creative and talented people will stop wanting to live within its borders.” — source
We have a great deal of work to do in our educational system to develop and nurture creativity instead of crushing it. We also know that we are at risk of losing the creative minds who are ready, willing, and able to come here and be a part of our entrepreneurial spirit.
Change will take time. But, the demand for innovation is immediate.
Every company I’ve spent time with — as an employee or consultant — wants to find a way for their employees and their organizations to be more innovative. Almost everyone I know needs creativity in their daily work, as an employee, entrepreneur, writer, or artist.
So, what can we do here, right now, to bring back the spark of our creativity? How can we all restructure our lives and daily practices to participate in the creative class?
Five simple, yet powerful, techniques
I’ve studied the innovation problem, researched creativity literature, read dozens of books, and tested many different approaches throughout the years with my teams. Many of the strategies failed.
But, I finally found a mix of techniques that give you the best chance of success in creating and sustaining a viable innovation process that delivers results. We also found techniques that any individual can apply to improve their creativity and innovative thinking skills.
1. Get very uncomfortable
First, I’ve found that original thinking and innovation only occurs when you are uncomfortable. If you are continually immersed in your comfortable daily routine at home, on the commute, at work, etc., your mind runs on autopilot.
To spark creativity, you need to overload your sensory system and shock yourself into a higher level of alertness.
I find that one of the best ways to do this is to travel. International travel seems to have the most significant impact, as you can imagine.
When a completely new environment surrounds you (e.g., other languages, different food, new sights, and sounds, etc.), you are entirely awake, absorbing the data around you. You are exposed to novel experiences and novel solutions to problems (at least they are novel to you).
It makes you think about things differently.
2. Reduce creative friction
Second, to make the most of this new “heightened state,” you need easy access to tools to capture your impressions, thoughts, and new ideas. This tool can be a simple paper notebook that is small enough to slide into your pocket, which I highly recommend.
There is a debate about whether the physical act of writing by hand triggers different neurological pathways that enhance creativity and learning, or not.
Who cares? That’s not why I do it.
It is simply faster and less distracting than pulling a device out, launching an app, ignoring the other apps and notifications, and trying to capture an idea. It is just faster.
I also find it much easier to sketch concepts on paper to illustrate and capture ideas. But, maybe that is due to my design background.
You can also use something like Evernote on your mobile device, which I use daily as well. It is essential that it is easily accessible, and you can quickly jot down ideas. You don’t want to lug around and fumble with a laptop when you’re trying to capture a flash of inspiration.
I recommend that you get into the habit of carrying some note-taking tool with you at all times. Always observe the world around you and use it to capture opportunities.
Create a “This Sucks” list. As you go about your daily routine, take note of irritating events and failures.
For example, “It sucks that I have to wait in line for this” and “I can’t believe that there isn’t a better way to handle it.”
Each of these is an opportunity for a solution or as Pierre Omidyar, founder of eBay, said;
“Look for friction in the system and create a solution that reduces or removes that friction” (paraphrased).
3. Disrupt your routine
Third, shake up your daily routine. I know that you can’t always go for a trip when you need to be creative. But, you can apply simpler versions of this process locally.
We get set in our ways, consciously — or unconsciously — optimizing how we spend our days in a familiar pattern. Familiarity not only breeds contempt, but it also stifles creativity.
So, take a new route to work. Use different transportation. Explore a new neighborhood during your lunch break. Have your meetings outside, walk, and talk.
Meet new people. Go to a concert. Try unfamiliar food. Just make sure that you shock yourself out of your usual comfort zone.
When it comes to routine, I am just as guilty as most. I will work in my home office day after day.
Sooner or later, I face writer’s block. I can’t come up with a single crazy, creative concept for my morning list of 10 ideas. That’s when I know that I need to pack up and leave.
I’ll work out of a new coffee house, drive up to Lake Tahoe to work near the shoreline, or stop at a new town and explore. This change never fails to spark new ideas.
4. Return to nature
I’m a big believer in spending time in nature, for all of these reasons and more. But, I’ve also discovered that a weekend hike or trail run has benefits for problem solving and creativity as well.
If I find that even my weekly visit to a new work location doesn’t do the trick, I know that I need to head out for a trail run to recharge my creative juices. You may see this as anecdotal evidence.
But, neuroscientist David Strayer discovered in his research that “four days of immersion in nature, and the corresponding disconnection from multi-media and technology, increases performance on a creativity, problem-solving task by a full 50% in a group of naive hikers.”
Psychologists hypothesize that our daily lives are consumed with work demands, device notifications, multitasking, and constant interruptions, all of which place a considerable load on the prefrontal cortex of the brain.
Unfortunately, this is also the area we rely on for our higher-level thinking, reasoning, problem-solving, and creativity. The fatigue of our attention and cognitive abilities leads to a lack of that “spark” we need for inspiration.
When you need a creative boost to solve some sticky problem, remove yourself from your usual environment and head for the forest or even a local park. Turn off your devices, stop thinking about the problem, and be physical.
When I run and let my mind wander, I’m struck with flashes of inspiration later. Supposedly intractable problems suddenly have simple solutions. I was just too stressed and in-the-moment to realize it before.
5. Renew your wonder
Finally, the last unique technique is to try to view the world through the “eyes of a child.” If you have children, then you know that they have very creative and unique interpretations of the world around them. I love hearing how they view problems and the solutions they offer.
Some people use a similar technique by pretending that they are an alien visitor from another world. They are seeing our planet for the very first time. They interact with everything as if it is a novel experience.
I don’t recommend trying this with other people who don’t know what you are up to unless you enjoy taking risks.
The basic idea is that we become accustomed to how things function in our lives. Some of these experiences are decades old, and we no longer question the absurdity of them.
As a child, I bet you did. My children were always saying, “Why do we have to do that? Why do we do it that way? That’s stupid. Why don’t we do this instead?” More often than not, they were right.
Why do we do some of the silly things that we do? Just because we’ve always done it that way.
So, use this technique to break free of your preconceived notions of how the world works. Ask all of the “Why?” and “Why not?” questions that you usually suppress, or have forgotten to ask.
Approach the problems you are trying to solve as if you have absolutely no knowledge of any existing solutions (e.g., you’ve never interacted with this situation before).
It isn’t easy to clear your mind and play an utterly naive role. But, the more you practice it, the better you will become.
The more frequently you do this, the more extraordinary your observations will become. Plus, it’s kind of fun. 😃
A community of creative people
If you’re interested in joining a community of ambitious people who make creativity and innovation a part of their daily work, check out my free Slack team. We’re loaded with designers, engineers, product visionaries, writers, artists, and other creative folks.
We’re not afraid to be weird. 🤪
Are there other creative techniques that work well for you? Share your favorites in the comments. Thanks!
Do the following Career Tips interest you?
Find out what my favorite technique is for deeply researching a company before your job interview
How to use eye contact appropriately to make an interviewer see you as more competent and confident
Learn about my unconventional technique for envisioning your future career
Avoid the biggest mistake people make when they follow up after a job interview
Become a premium subscriber, and you can read these tips (and more) this week!
What I’ve been reading and writing
Check out my Interview Cheat Sheet for Loaded Questions. It isn’t possible to predict every potential question you will receive during a job interview. But, some questions are asked almost every time. The questions seem deceptively simple. However, many candidates flub their answers because they don’t anticipate what the interviewers are hoping to hear.
In How to Stop These Habits That Sabotage Your Success, you can learn about 5 behaviors that may be holding you back in your career. This article was just published by Medium's largest active publication, The Startup. I reflected on the behaviors of people who often don’t get the job offer they want, rarely receive promotions, and tend to get fired or laid off more frequently than others. Some patterns emerged…
We have idolized narcissistic leaders like Steve Jobs, Elon Musk, and Larry Ellison. But, ignoring the harm they cause is a huge mistake. Charles A. O’Reilly III, the Frank E. Buck Professor of Management at Stanford Graduate School of Business, says, “We see the 10% of narcissists that succeeded and call them visionaries. We’re not looking at the 90% who flamed out and caused irreparable damage. By talking about narcissism as though it might be positive, we’re not paying attention to how dangerous these people can be.” From the Stanford Business article, Narcissistic CEOs Weaken Collaboration and Integrity.